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Search Results - Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment

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High-Performance Ceramic Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Brief Description:Technology:Problem:Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) generate electricity by oxidizing hydrocarbon fuels at high temperatures. Most SOFCs have anodes made from cermets (ceramic-metal composites), usually mixtures of nickel and ceramics such as yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ). However, these anodes perform poorly with fuels that cont...
Published: 11/27/2018   |   Inventor(s): Raymond Gorte
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, Materials
Phytochelatin-based heavy metal detoxification in phytoremediation and agricultural applications
AtPCS gene encoding multispecific heavy metal resistance factor from plantsInventorPhilip A. Rea, Professor of Biology; Rebecka and Arie Belldegrun Distinguished Director of the Roy and Diana Vagelos Program in Life Sciences & ManagementProblemEnvironmental contamination with heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, lead and/or mercury is implica...
Published: 11/3/2017   |   Inventor(s): Philip Rea
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, Research Tools & Reagents, Agriculture, Food Science & Nutrition
GRP8 as a target for improving plant stress response to water and nutrient starvation
Brief Description: Genetically engineered plants for increased resistance to nutrient stressTechnology:Problem: The plant root epidermis absorbs water and nutrients from the environment, using long hair-like projections from root hair cells to increase surface area. Plants regulate the ratio of root hair to nonhair cells based on environmental si...
Published: 8/7/2017   |   Inventor(s): Brian Gregory
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, Research Tools & Reagents, Agriculture, Food Science & Nutrition, Chemical Processes and Synthesis
Porphyrin-based nonlinear optical chromophores for optoelectronics
Brief Description: Synthesis, spectroscopy, and photophysics of multi-chromophoric Zn(II)-group 8 metal complexesTechnology:Problem: Electron and energy transfer processes are important chemical research areas. Detailed understanding of the mechanisms underlying these reactions can help lead to the design of synthetic enzymes that catalyze highly ...
Published: 11/30/2016   |   Inventor(s): Michael Therien
Keywords(s): Electronics, Optics & Photonics , Telecommunications
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, IT, Communication, & Networking, Research Tools & Reagents, Chemical Processes and Synthesis
Agricultural formulation and transgenic methods for regulating crop yield
Phytohormone gibberellin controls onset of plant development and flower formationInventorDoris Wagner, Professor of Biology Technology OverviewThe Wagner lab has uncovered dual opposite roles of the phytohormone gibberellin in the events that lead to formation of flowers, fruits, and seeds. Elevated gibberellin promotes termination of the vegetat...
Published: 5/25/2016   |   Inventor(s): Doris Wagner
Keywords(s):  
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, Agriculture, Food Science & Nutrition
Tunable Adhesion
Brief DescriptionTurning adhesion on or off to open new possibilities for process controlInventorKevin Turner (http://turner.seas.upenn.edu/)ProblemAdvanced manufacturing processes require methods to delicately handle fragile materials. Certain materials are too compliant and brittle to transfer them with vacuum or mechanical handling, and traditio...
Published: 5/6/2016   |   Inventor(s): Kevin Turner
Keywords(s): Engineering
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, Materials
Polymer nanocomposite films with extremely high nanoparticle loading
Material synthesis through capillary rise infiltrationInventorDaeyeon Lee, Professor of Chemical & Biomolecular EngineeringProblemPolymer nanocomposite films (PNCFs) combine the electronic, mechanical, and optical properties of nanoparticles with the flexibility of polymers to yield nanostructured films. PNCFs with extremely high nanoparticle ...
Published: 3/7/2016   |   Inventor(s): Daeyeon Lee
Keywords(s): Engineering
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, Materials
pH-responsive, shape changing amphiphilic Janus particles
Stimuli-responsive colloid surfactants for thermodynamically stable emulsions and phase inversion emulsificationInventorDaeyeon Lee, Professor of Chemical & Biomolecular EngineeringProblemJanus particles are biphasic colloids that have distinct chemistries and contrasting properties on each side. Because of their amphiphilicity, Janus particle...
Published: 3/7/2016   |   Inventor(s): Daeyeon Lee
Keywords(s): Engineering
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, Materials
Robust Smart Windows: Reversible Switching from Transparent to Color
Inventor Shu Yang, PhD , Professor of Materials Science and EngineeringProblemCommercial buildings in the United States alone account for nearly 40% of the totalenergy consumption. Among them, electricity is the largest energy source for buildings.Therefore, the design of new energy efficient materials and technologies is crucial to meetgoals such ...
Published: 2/26/2016   |   Inventor(s): Shu Yang
Keywords(s): Nanotechnology
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, Materials
Simple Chemical Method for the Separation of Rare Earth Metals
New recycling strategy for separating neodymium and dysprosium from hard magnetsTechnology OverviewRecycling of rare earth metals from finished products is one possible new source of rare earth metals; however, there is a shortage of simple chemical methods to enable recycling. Less than 1% of rare earths were recycled in 2011.One of the most impor...
Published: 11/9/2015   |   Inventor(s): Eric Schelter
Keywords(s): Engineering, Metals
Category(s): Energy, Infrastructure, & Environment, Materials, Chemical Processes and Synthesis
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