Mitigating ventilator-induced lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome through HER2/HER3 signaling pathway
Acute lung injury, such as that induced by long-term treatment with a mechanical ventilator, and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) affects 190,000 patients per year in the United States, with associated mortality of 35-40%. The highest numbers of deaths are in patients with sepsis, pneumonia, or aspiration. ARDS is characterized by sudden breathlessness within hours to days of an inciting event, including trauma, sepsis, drug overdose, blood transfusion, and aspiration. ARDS is a life-threatening condition caused by widespread inflammation of the lungs that can lead to multisystem organ failure. Currently, there is no specific therapy for acute lung injury, and adjunctive strategies that modulate the deleterious effects of mechanical ventilation are needed.
During mechanically-induced traumatic lung injury, the Margulies Lab has discovered, using cyclically stretched tissue and ventilated rats, that the HER (human epidermal growth factor receptor) family of genes, which regulates primary cellular signaling pathways, is upregulated during large stretch. The release of NRG1 (neuregulin) upon stretch induction binds to HER3, initiating HER2/HER3 heterodimerization and activation, which then initiates downstream signaling cascades, producing a “leaky” epithelium.
The Margulies Lab has in vitro and in vivo preclinical evidence that reducing NRG1 release, inhibiting NRG1/HER3 binding or HER2/HER3 heterodimerization and activation prevents ventilator-induced lung injury by protecting the epithelial barrier properties during stretch. Thus, FDA-approved HER-inhibiting cancer therapies currently in use or in clinical trials may be repurposed to reduce the incidence or severity of ventilator-induced lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Reproduced from Ware LB et al. NEJM, 2000, 342, p. 1334-1349.
On left, the normal alveolus, and on right, the injured alveolus in the acute phase of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Susan Margulies, Professor of Bioengineering
- Use FDA-approved cancer drugs for alternate indication
- Safety in humans previously studied
- Potential therapeutic where one does not exist for this condition
- Acute lung injury
- Ventilator-induced lung injury
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome
Stage of Development:
Proof-of-concept and in vivo testing
- Yehya et al. Am J of Physiology-Lung Cell and Molec Phys, 2015, 308(5), p. L443-L451.
- DiPaolo et al. Am J of Physiology-Lung Cell and Molec Phys, 2013, 305(2), p. L141-L153.
- Davidovich et al. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol, 2013, 49(1), p. 156-164.
- Davidovich et al. Cell Mol Bioeng, 2013, 6(2), p. 175-182.
Docket # 15-7457